高考完形填空八大技巧 --- #梁师亦友聊英语#第368期
来源 I 梁师亦友聊英语 2020-10-19 00:00:23
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高考完形填空八大技巧

高考英语完形填空技巧一 ---- 研读首段、咀嚼尾段

首段往往开宗明义,是文章的主题段落。细读首句可启示全文。而尾句又往往是对文章主题的总结。所以,它们是了解文章大意的一个窗口,对我们理解全文有着重要的启示作用。因此,要充分利用段首句子提供的信息,去挖掘文章的思路,寻找文章的脉络与线索。


高考英语完形填空技巧二 ---- 利用语法分析解题

完形填空虽然以语境填空为主,但也有部分考查语法项目的题目。对于这类题,考生可以利用平时所学的词汇知识,分析单词(组)的使用范围、动词的及物和不及物,并利用句子结构、句式特点等知识全面衡量所有选项排除干扰。


高考英语完形填空技巧三----利用固定搭配解题

完形填空题中对词汇知识的考查,主要体现在习惯用法和同义词、近义词的辨析两方面。习惯用法是英语中某种固定的结构形态,即所谓的“习语”,不能随意改动。所以,考生平时应掌握好习惯用法。近两年,天津市考题对词义辨析题的考查有加大力度的趋势。要做好这类题,需要有较大的词汇量和词语搭配能力、词语辨析能力,特别是在特定的语境中能灵活运用的能力。


高考英语完形填空技巧四 ---- 利用固定句型解题

完形填空虽然注重考查语境理解,但同时也会考到一些固定句型,考生掌握好这些句型,对确定题目的答案很有帮助。


高考英语完形填空技巧五 ---- 利用复现信息解题

语篇复现的信息包括原词复现、同义词和反义词复现、上义词和下义词复现、概括词复现等。语篇中有词汇和结构同现的现象,如与语篇话题相关、意义相关的词汇同时出现,结构同现,同义同现,修饰同现,因果同现等。因此,利用上下文寻找解题信息,确定正确答案。


高考英语完形填空技巧六 ---- 巧用排除法解题

在有些情况下,考生如果不能很有把握地直接得出某一道题的答案,可以把排除法和词汇、语法分析结合起来运用,缩小选择的范围,提高正确率。


高考英语完形填空技巧七 ---- 利用逻辑关系解题

尝试从逻辑关系的高度整体上把握,就会不无惊喜地发现句子与句子之间的逻辑关系才是征服完形填空的最佳途径。所谓逻辑关系并不缥缈,它就隐藏在句子中、句与句之间以及段落的衔接中。


高考英语完形填空技巧八 ---- 巧用背景常识解题(但不能主观遐想)

解答完形填空题时,有时文章中提供的信息还不够,还需要把读者头脑中储存的一般知识信息结合起来考虑,最后作出符合常识的最佳答案。因此,考生的知识范围越广,则对文章的理解会更容易,整体上知道所选短文在说什么,那么局部上的每一个空填起来也会得心应手。

I was in a local store the other day when suddenly I heard the sound of breaking glass behind me. 16 I turned around to see what had happened. A young mother had 17 from her shopping cart for a second look at some other 18 she was interested in. That second was all it took for her baby boy to test out his newly found 19 to lift things from his seat in the cart. 20 , the big jar of sauce was more than he could handle. I smiled when I walked back and saw the look of complete 21 on the boy’s face. He seemed not to know why. His 22 still remained where the jar had been a few seconds before. On the floor 23 the cart, the liquid of red was slowly 24 across the passage. After making sure that both Mom and the baby were 25 I went downstairs to get 26 from a store employee. 27 I glanced back at them, I saw something that truly 28 my heart.

The baby had finally taken his eyes off the 29 jar and looked up at his Mom. Instead of 30 him she smiled down at him with eyes full of gentle 31 and unconditional love. Her look and kind smile never 32 , not even when a friend gave her some good-natured teasing about the 33 . I knew then that this Mom would give her son a lifetime 34 laughter and love.

Hard as we try, we often make things messy too. 35 , I think we should learn to love.

16.

A. Curiously

B. Doubtfully

C. Pleasantly

D. Disappointedly

17.

A. held up

B. turned away

C. put down

D. went out

18.

A. persons

B. goods

C. carts

D. stores

19.

A. object

B. knowledge

C. ability

D. experience

20.

A. Suddenly

B. Particularly

C. Unforgettably

D. Unfortunately

21.

A. fear

B. delight

C. anger

D. sorrow

22.

A. arms

B. legs

C. head

D. neck

23.

A. at

B. inside

C. on

D. below

24.

A. leaking

B. pouring

C. flowing

D. sweeping

25.

A. normal

B. right

C. calm

D. fine

26.

A. advice

B. permission

C. help

D. response

27.

A. As

B. Before

C. Since

D. Until

28.

A. shocked

B. warmed

C. caught

D. reached

29.

A. old

B. big

C. broken

D. dirty

30.

A. annoying

B. scolding

C. troubling

D. persuading

31.

A. respecting

B. appreciating

C. understanding

D. satisfying

32.

A. appeared

B. moved

C. changed

D. lasted

33.

A. mess

B. danger

C. quarrel

D. wonder

34.

A. free from

B. full of

C. thirsty for

D. equal to

35.

A. Unless

B. Before

C. Until

D. Yet


【参考答案】

16. ABBCD 21. AADCD 26. CABCB 31. CCABD

在“原味”英语十分钟

真正有智慧的人,懂得及时放弃

When you try too hard but you don’t succeed; when despite all your efforts you don’t get the results you need, give up and move on. Drop it like it’s hot and run in the opposite direction as fast as you can.

当你竭尽全力还没成功的时候,当你付出所有努力还没有得到想要的结果的时候,放弃吧,然后继续前行,扔掉这块烫手的山芋,以你最快的速度逃离他。


Baffled? What is wrong with giving up?

感到疑惑么?放弃又有什么错误呢?


Oh yes, we all have been trained and conditioned to work hard to achieve our dreams and that is a good thing.

是的,我们都被教导过要努力才能实现自己的梦想,那是一件好事。


The problem arises when all these inspirational quotes start confusing us.

但是当这些励志名言把我们弄糊涂的时候,问题就出现了。


These message tell people not to give up, but they don’t tell you that it should only apply to your true dreams.

这些名言告诉我们不要放弃,但却并没有告诉你那只适用于你真正的梦想。


They tell one to "try and try again" until they succeed, but that amount of effort should only be put toward what you really want in life and one should never quit at what they think to be their life’s purpose.

他们告诉人们 “一次又一次的尝试” 直到成功。但是那样的努力应该只用来得到你人生中最想要得到的东西,以及无论人生目标是什么也决不放弃的东西。


The rest is all just there to confuse you, distract you, give you a headache, heartache and depress you, so don’t let it.

其余的一起都只是为了迷惑你,让你分心,使你头疼,令你心痛,比你抑郁,所以不要让他得逞。


If you suck at piano and you know. It’s because you don’t event like the instrument, give it up.

如果你钢琴弹得不好,而你也知道是因为你不喜欢钢琴,那就放弃吧。


If no matter how hard you study and you can hardly score an above average grade, don’t worry your talent lies somewhere else. Not everybody is an A-student.

如果不管你多么努力的学习,也很难取得平均以上的分数,不要担心,你的才能不在这方面,不是每个人都是好学生。


If you away end up burning the chocolate cake you are trying to bake, maybe it is because you were born to buy one and not make one. Quit baking.

如果你总是把巧克力烤成黑炭,也许那因为你本来就应该买一个,而不是自己做一个,别再烤蛋糕了。


Are you the worst performer on your sales team, and even the interns are better than you are? It’s because you weren’t supposed to be a sales person, you were meant to be a DJ.

你是销售团队里业绩最差的么?就连实习生都比你做的好,那是你本来就不应该做销售员,你应该当个DJ.


Try to recognize your talent, your ability and you skills. Find out what you are good at, what makes you happy and then work on it.

试着认识你的才能,你的能力和你的技能,找出你擅长的东西,使你快乐的东西,然后不断努力。


If you do, no one would have to tell you or inspire you to not give up because when you love something, you keep trying until you get it right and the enthusiasm flows from within.

如果你这样做了,没有任何人会来告诉你或鼓励你绝不要放弃,因为当你喜欢某件事情时,你会一直尝试知道做对他,而这种热情发自你的内心。


Don’t worry about what people will say or think, it’s your life, you have to live it and you have to be your own boss.

不要担心人们会说什么或想什么,这是你自己的生活,你必须活下去,你必须成为自己的主宰。


【根据网络文章整理,侵删】

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